Friday, 1 February 2013

Basic skin care - Know your skin type :}

It would be such a cool thing if I woke up on a morning
with smooth flawless skin *sigh*
 I'll start by saying that I don't have perfect skin, but in my quest to be healthy and to look and be the best that I can be in body, mind and spirit. I've noticed that the first thing people usually comment upon is your face, so this is just me sharing my thoughts on some of the stuff I learned from reading and chatting with friends (Disclaimer: I'm not a cosmetologist or dermatologist!So for adverse skin problems please seek the advise of a doctor or dermatologist who was trained to analyse and care for your specific skin problem)

Having good skin is generally a combination of eating a healthy diet,exercising, proper cleansing both inside and out, and drinking lots of water. The first step to caring for your skin is knowing your skin type.
In fact there are four main skin types

  • Normal
  • Oily
  • Dry
  • Combination
Added to which any of the above could also have Sensitive Skin or Mature/Ageing Skin

The brightly colored paper is really just to give an idea of
placement ;c)

One of the simplest way to determine skin type is taking a good at your unwashed face on a morning using natural light and a magnifying mirror to determine the visibility of your pores, skin texture and perhaps placing small squares of tissue paper upon the forehead, chin, nose and cheek area and check to determine areas of oiliness or dryness on your face, unfortunately it may not be totally accurate depending on how much moisturiser you packed unto your face the night before.

Another similar but more accurate method to determine skin type is to cleanse/wash your face with a mild face wash, do not apply any moisturiser to your skin and look at your face in an hour or so later. If your face looks red and irritated its sensitive, to determine specific skin type take the squares of tissue or grease proof paper and place/swipe each one upon your forehead, both cheek area, nose and chin.

This is the skin type most of us yearn to have for the simple reason that skin care is relatively simple,products seem easily available and the last time some of us ever had that skin was as a newborn  baby .(lol)
Anyway this skin type usually remains feeling supple, without the noticeable pores and when doing an early morning oil test would not show major shine. In fact for women who wear makeup this skin remains fresh with little to no sheen for the longest period.
On this skin the paper square will show very slight moisture or oil and has no transparency to the paper.

This skin type is likely to show a lot of shine throughout the face. The pores are very visible and if not cared for in a proper manner is prone to have a lot of blackheads, whiteheads and even cystic acne. The texture of the skin tends to be a bit thick and coarse, but this skin type tends to age well and takes longer than other skin type to show wrinkling. For those who wear makeup by midday most of the look has faded and touch ups and blotting is definitely needed.
On this skin the tissue or grease proof paper will be very oily and transparent.

After washing this skin type usually looks and feels tight, if left without moisturiser it takes on an "ashy" appearance, skin texture can feel very dry and "crepey". Pores are very fine almost invisible to the natural eye and it has very few breakouts.
On this skin type the tissue or grease proof paper will be dry and possibly flaky.

This skin type can be normal or dry with a few oily patches in some distinct areas. Commonly oiliness is usually displayed on the T-zone.
Wondering what is the T-zone?
This area involves the forehead, nose and chin which is generally oily in combination skin, whereas the under eye and cheek area are usually dry or could even display normal skin type.
But there is also the less talked about Reverse T-zone, where oiliness is usually manifested in the chin, jaw line, and temple area, but dry or normal elsewhere.(really looks like a u-shape?!!)
On this skin type the tissue or grease proof paper will come away very oily and transparent in the t-zone area and will be dry to slightly moist in other areas.

Sensitive Skin
This can happen to any of the above skin type, usually the the skin can become red and irritated with the use of various products, such as strongly perfumed soaps and cleansers. Even simple manipulation of steaming, face mask and exfoliating can cause reactions of itching or burning. For those with sensitive acne prone skin it would be advisable to see a Dermatologist.

Maturing Skin
As we age our skin tend to appear dehydrated(due to the loss of collagen) and to lose its elasticity(due to the loss of elastin), the surface of the skin also appears dull in colour and there is a marked appearance of fine lines and wrinkling. Use of heavy makeup can sometimes result in makeup settling into fine lines. At this point there is a need to look into skin products that are cater to ageing skin.

For sensitive skin attention to ingredients in products are very important, reading the labels of cosmetic items and researching common allergens can all help in minimising irritation and breakouts.Read

  For further simplified reading on collagen and elastin. Read

Hey, hope everyone is having a great weekend!




  1. Great post Ana, very informative. Post adolescence my skin became oily and sometimes sensitive. But now since I've started drinking more water, eating more fruits/veggies and less sugar I believe I now have combination skin.

  2. Thank you, I have combination skin too.! I've been trying to increase my intake of water, but I'm like a camel when I drink water I tend to forget about topping up..sigh..but I'm back to watching what I eat and using my eliptical after reading your master cleanse experience.